Azerbaijan makes public basic principles to normalize ties with Armenia

By Vafa Ismailova

According to the news on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan on March 14, Azerbaijan has publicly announced five basic principles for the normalization of relations with Armenia.

Spokesperson of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Leyla Abdullayeva, made statements in an interview she gave to the local press.

For the normalization of relations, Azerbaijan proposes the following principles:

– mutual recognition of each other’s sovereignty, territorial integrity, inviolability of international borders and political independence;

– mutual confirmation that the States have no territorial claims against each other and also that there is no legal obligation to refrain from making such claims in the future;

– To refrain from threatening each other’s security in interstate relations, using force against political independence and territorial integrity, and acting contrary to the purposes of the UN Charter;

– delimitation and delimitation of state borders and establishment of diplomatic relations;

– Opening up transport and communication, as well as cooperation in other relevant areas of communication and mutual interest.

To summarize, after presenting the basic principles for the normalization of relations between the two countries to Armenia, he applied to the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairs for peace talks.

Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Ceyhun Bayramov previously told Anadolu news agency that Azerbaijan sent a five-point proposal to Armenia to normalize relations and is waiting for a response from the other side.

“The message is: the occupation factor has disappeared. In this case, the Azerbaijani side is in favor of normalizing relations with Armenia, despite all the difficulties and problems of the past.”

He stressed that Armenia has not responded to Azerbaijan’s proposal for nearly a year.

The Minister described Azerbaijan’s latest new offer to Armenia as a sign of goodwill.

“We proposed to the Armenian side some basic principles, including the normalization of relations between Azerbaijan and Armenia. We expressed our readiness to develop relations on the basis of certain principles. Armenia should take this into account and respond.”

Bayramov underlined that if Armenia sincerely wants to normalize relations, this is a very good opportunity for them.

Armenia’s reaction will be evident in the near future and of course we will take the necessary steps,” he said.

He added that a one-page proposal was presented to the other party in which the basic principles were determined and recommended.

“If the Armenian side wants to normalize relations, it should immediately explain its stance against this proposal. However, I would like to state that all the principles mentioned in this document are the principles of international relations,” he said.

He also stated that these proposals include the issue of drawing the borders between the two countries, which Azerbaijan has repeatedly suggested.

“The Azeri side offered to solve these problems, but Armenia always put forward preconditions. Preconditions for the start of the process are unacceptable. A group of bilateral cooperation should be formed and this group should start working. There are five main points. Our proposals consist of five points,” he said.

The ceasefire agreement brokered by Moscow, signed by Baku and Yerevan on November 10, 2020, put an end to the six-week conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The Azerbaijani army declared victory over the Armenian troops. The signed agreement forced Armenia to withdraw its troops from the Azerbaijani territories it had occupied since the early 1990s.

The peace agreement stipulated the return of the Armenian-occupied Kelbajar, Agdam and Lachin regions of Azerbaijan. Before the signing of the agreement, the Azerbaijani army liberated nearly 300 villages, settlements, the city center and the historical city of Shusha.

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